Hunting Guns and Deer Hunting Rifles

Hunting deer has been a favorite sport for many years. However, recent laws, rules and regulations have permitted different types of deer hunting guns at different times of the year. These include shotguns, pistols, rifles and primitive guns such as a muzzleloader in most states. Deer hunters can choose from archery guns, shotguns and muzzle loading rifles. The caliber may vary from state to state. Ohio for instance permits muzzle-loading guns of .38 caliber of higher while North Dakota allows muzzle loading rifles of .45 caliber or higher.

Rifles and guns used for hunting deer are different from the regular hunting rifles and guns. A rifle is essentially a firearm with a barrel with a pattern of grooves or ‘rifling’ and ‘lands’. ‘Lands’ are the raised areas of the rifling and these make contact with the bullet. When the hunter shoots, it causes the charge to push the bullet out of the barrel, which is at the front of the gun.

Rifles are an important firearm used for warfare, sport and hunting. There are different types of rifles ranging from bolt-action to semi- automatics to pump action ones. The difference is based on the action of the rifle. The type of gun that a hunter uses depends on the location of the hunt, type of sights being used and a combination of other factors. Bolt-action, pump-action and lever-action rifles are operated by hand. In other words, a new cartridge needs to be loaded after each shot. Popular bolt-action deer hunting rifles include the Savage 110, Remington 700 and Sako 85.

Semi-automatic rifles, on the other hand, load and eject cartridges automatically. Popular models include the Remington 750, Browning Bar and Benelli R1.

Shotguns are also used to hunt deer. A shotgun fires a single piece of lead called a slug that is encased in a plastic shell. Shotguns may also fire multiple projectiles or shots. These are also called “long guns”. Like the hunting rifle, shotguns are found in a variety of shapes, types and sizes. Hunters can choose from pump-action, semi-automatic, single-shot and bolt-action. Shotguns have gauges that are based on the number of lead balls that fit inside the shotgun’s barrel or bore. Deer hunting A shotgun with a smaller gauge is more powerful than a higher gauge. Popular semi-automatic shotguns include the Benelli, Franchi, Mossberg 935 and Beretta 391.

Muzzleloaders are a primitive yet popular hunting gun used for deer hunting. Muzzleloaders that fire cone or round lead balls are the most popular with deer hunters. Muzzleloaders need to be reloaded by hand, which makes them slower than the other deer hunting guns. The Savage 10 ML is a muzzle-loading rifle that has received some good reviews by hunters and can be safely used with smokeless powder.

  • Preparing for Hunting Deer: Detailed information on things to do before embarking on a deer hunting expedition.
  • Understanding Firearms: Glossary of gun and firearm terminology. Understand the meaning of terms such as bullets, stock, sights and more.
  • Muzzleloader Association: An association dedicated to helping and supporting muzzleloader enthusiasts.
  • Equipment for Deer Hunting: Learn about legal deer hunting equipment, including specifications for shotgun and rifle cartridges as well as permissible muzzleloaders.
  • Deer Hunting Guns: Learn about the different types of guns used to hunt deer.
  • Types of Legal Deer Hunting Guns: A description of the different types of permissible deer hunting guns - archery, shotguns and muzzleloaders.
  • Deer Hunting in New York: Detailed document on deer hunting trends in New York State.
  • Muzzle loading Basics: An informative article on types of muzzleloaders, powder and equipment as well as other essential information.
  • Hunting Deer with “Long Arms”: Detailed article on big game hunting with guns weighing between six to ten pounds. Has useful information on regulations, safety courses, preparation, equipment and other important details.
  • Hunting Safety Tips: Important information on hunting safely. Includes tips to help keep hunters and people around them safe and out of harm’s way.

Which of the following is NOT one of the "Three Ws" that should be included in every hunting plan?

What firearm you are hunting with.
Who you are with.
When you are returning.
Where you are going.


What technique can be described as "slow, patient movement of the hunter into shooting position after game has been located"?

Stand Hunting
Still Hunting


Which species is there federal hunting laws for?

Wood Duck
Ring-knecked pheasant
Snowshoe hare
White-tailed Deer


Which field carry provides the most firearm control?



Which choice is NOT recommended when approaching downed wildlife?

Approach quietly from behind.
Poke animal gently with a stick.
Touch the eye gently, if there's no reaction, animal is usually dead.
Shoot it again before approaching to make sure it is dead.


What is the technique known as "driving"?

One hunter sitting in a blind waiting for game to come along.
One hunter moving slowly and patiently into shooting position after game has been located.
One or more pushers walk through an area trying to move game ahead of them into areas wehre blockers are waiting.
One hunter driving a vehicle and a second hunter in the back set shooting through the open window.


Scouting an area you want to hunt should include:

Walk around the area on opening day with your firearm or bow.
Walk around the area looking for animal movements and signs.
Look at maps and aerial photos of the area.
Answers B and C.


Which of the following is NOT a reason why you should develop a hunting plan for every hunt?

So friends and family know how to contact you in case of emergency.
So you can use your hunting plan to start a fire if you get lost.
So fellow hunters know where you are located.
So friends and family know where you can be found in case of a hunting accident.


Which of these items should be on every checklist included in your hunting plan?

Hunting license


Which of these does NOT violate a hunting safety rule?

Carrying a loaded firearm in a vehicle.
Keeping your finger on the trigger while stalking game.
Two hunters shooting at the same game.
Identifying what lies beyond an identified target.