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All About Hunting – Turkey, Hog, Elk, Bear & Goose

To be a successful hunter, one needs to have the right equipment as well as good hunting skills. They also need to understand the behavior of the animals they are hunting, so that they can track them effectively and get a clear shot on them.


Turkeys are usually found in rocky areas with hills and caves. They can also be seen in trees, woods, and fields, especially cornfields. It is important for hunters to dress in camouflage from head to toe, because turkeys have very good eyesight, and they can easily spot unnatural movements. Early spring is the mating time for turkeys, and hunters can use a variety of turkey calls to attract male turkeys. Weapons that are commonly used for hunting turkeys are rifles, shotguns, and bows.


Hogs can appear anywhere in the woods, but prefer to go to places where there is water and thick cover. Corn can be used as bait for hogs. Hogs may not be able to see things very well, but they have an excellent sense of smell. Hunters should be facing the wind when they are approaching their target, so that their sent does not alert the prey. Those who are using rifles to hunt hogs should keep a distance of at least 75 yards from their targets.


Elk are one of the most hunted animals in the United States. Although they are big animals, they can be very elusive, and finding them is one of the major challenges of elk hunting. Some of the best places to locate elk are ridges that are situated close to secluded meadows, creeks, and watering holes. Hunters can use a rifle or a bow to shoot hunt elk.


Bears reside in the forest, where there is an abundance of shrubs, and fruit and nut trees. Hunters have to move stealthily when they are stalking a bear, and they have to apply scent cover to mask their scent. When shooting a bear, they should take time to aim for a vital organ, because a bear can disappear quickly if it is not killed or seriously wounded by the first shot.


Hunters can find geese around large bodies of water, or nearby cereal or cornfields where they feed. It is necessary to build a blind, because geese can be easily scared away. A goose decoy or a goose call can be used to draw the geese to within shooting distance. The best weapon for goose hunting is a 10 or 12-gauge shotgun.

Which of the following is NOT one of the "Three Ws" that should be included in every hunting plan?

What firearm you are hunting with.
Who you are with.
When you are returning.
Where you are going.


What technique can be described as "slow, patient movement of the hunter into shooting position after game has been located"?

Stand Hunting
Still Hunting


Which species is there federal hunting laws for?

Wood Duck
Ring-knecked pheasant
Snowshoe hare
White-tailed Deer


Which field carry provides the most firearm control?



Which choice is NOT recommended when approaching downed wildlife?

Approach quietly from behind.
Poke animal gently with a stick.
Touch the eye gently, if there's no reaction, animal is usually dead.
Shoot it again before approaching to make sure it is dead.


What is the technique known as "driving"?

One hunter sitting in a blind waiting for game to come along.
One hunter moving slowly and patiently into shooting position after game has been located.
One or more pushers walk through an area trying to move game ahead of them into areas wehre blockers are waiting.
One hunter driving a vehicle and a second hunter in the back set shooting through the open window.


Scouting an area you want to hunt should include:

Walk around the area on opening day with your firearm or bow.
Walk around the area looking for animal movements and signs.
Look at maps and aerial photos of the area.
Answers B and C.


Which of the following is NOT a reason why you should develop a hunting plan for every hunt?

So friends and family know how to contact you in case of emergency.
So you can use your hunting plan to start a fire if you get lost.
So fellow hunters know where you are located.
So friends and family know where you can be found in case of a hunting accident.


Which of these items should be on every checklist included in your hunting plan?

Hunting license


Which of these does NOT violate a hunting safety rule?

Carrying a loaded firearm in a vehicle.
Keeping your finger on the trigger while stalking game.
Two hunters shooting at the same game.
Identifying what lies beyond an identified target.