Types and Specifications of Guns

It is true that when one thinks of guns, the mind automatically assumes something negative. We tend to think about the criminal use of guns when they are in the wrong hands. Some people would even think or believe that armed weapons are despicable items that only bring about harm, destruction and death. There always seem to be an unlawful act associated with firearms. However, guns, when used properly and legally, have other uses of intent. They are used in sporting activities such as shooting events. They are used in Olympic competitions. Even though it is not a wide spread practice like it use to be, guns helped put food on the table when they were used as an apparatus for hunting. Guns are used for recreational shooting and target practice. Some people have guns for no other reason than to collect them as a hobby, collecting the old and rare. You will find artifacts of guns in a museum displaying historical preservation of past weaponry. These are the entertaining factors of guns. When not used for criminal intent, guns are used to protect our families and our borders. They give security in self defense as well as aiding in preventing crimes. They are used in international trade and in emergency preparedness. The military uses guns to overcome tyranny and defending our allies. So, as you can see, there are many uses of a fire arm, but the main reason is that guns give security and a sense of protection from the evil that lurks outside the boundaries of peace, contentment and freedom.

Types of Pistols

The typical handgun or pistol is a weapon that when first used was considered as a self-defense armament. It is an instrument that can fire multiple shots at once. This firearm is small, easy to carry and the size makes it concealable. Since it is concealable, it becomes more dangerous. Owning this type of gun is legal, but there are state laws and regulations governing its purchase. This particular weapon comes as either a double-action revolver or a simi-automatic device. Below we will take a look at these self-defense pistols.

Single Shot-When we think of this type of weapon, a single –shot or a single action gun, this means that before a shot is fired the revolver must be manually cocked. With this action, the cylinder rotates to the next cartridge that holds the ammunition. This cocking is done for the first shot only. After that, each shot will happen automatically once the trigger or hammer is pulled, causing the cartridge to release into the gun chamber.

Multi-Barrel- Even though a pistol is designed to have one or more barrels, it can only fire a single shot one at a time. One of the most popular multi-barreled handguns is that of the Derringer. This gun is small and was carried by women because it was easily concealable. The original Derringer had a .40 caliber cartridge and a single round.

Revolver- A revolver is another pistol style that comes in the choice of single or double action. Both types of guns are ideal for hunting and self-defense. Police officers use the double-action version when they are making arrest. However, it is the common folk who use the single-action. This single- action is the Western version. Of all the hand pistols available today, it is the revolver that has proven itself to be safer and more accurate in shooting. It is capable of shooting magnum calibers, which also makes this weapon ideal for hunting. Some of the top names found in quality brand revolvers are the Beretta, Bond Dillinger, and the Colt and Wesson.

Semi-Automatic- The semi-automatic is a revolver that has been in existence since the early 1900’s. It was John Browning who developed this type of revolver. He invented the Colt, model 1911 A- Government 45. He also created the Browning High Power 9 Millimeter. This gun can fired multiple shots at once and does up to 19 rounds. However, the mechanics of this gun tends to be more complicated than other revolvers. Although it is a small pistol, learning to shoot one takes a lot of practice for accuracy.

Types of Rifles

Before the use of rifles was popular, the weapon of choice back in the day was that of the musket. However, this type of gun power was improved upon, creating a gun with a long barrel and a grooved cylinder that would fire off spinning ammunition. As it turned out, this spinning bullet could travel further and it was more accurate in hitting its target. The concept of the rifle took away the need to load a musket, with all its fire power, of gun powder and wadding balls down into a narrow barrel. With the new rifle concept, the only thing involved with this firing apparatus was wrapping the ball of ammunition or bullet into a piece of oiled leather and inserting it into the barrel of the gun. In the beginning, it took one minute to load a rifle, but when it was fired, it was accurate as apposed to the musket. However, today the rifle has improved with knowledge and technology.

Bolt-Action- After World War 1, the rifle of choice used in the armed forces of the United States was the Bolt-Action M1903. The popularity of these rifles lies in the facts that they were reliable and sturdy. They even held a capacity of 5 rounds on one clip. Though this may be a good thing, the problem was that with this type of rifle, it had to be reloaded between shots, which make for inconvenience when you are on the battle field. Another problem was that of range. Though this rifle had a firing range of 2000 yards, the average soldier could not see that far to even target an enemy at that distance.

Automatic- The automatic rifle is one of the first rifles used by the military during World War 1 and 2. This rifle was designed by John Browning. His idea bought about the M1918 and M1928A2. This particular rifle had a dimension of 10.5 inches in height, 449 inches in width and 14 inches in depth. It could only be fired in two positions or modes; for instance, the slow mode had a firing ability of moving at a rate of 300 to 450 rpm. In the fast mode, the fire power was moving at a rate of 500 to 650 rpm. So, rather slow or fast, the firing powers behind these machines were rapid, which made them an excellent choice for the military.

Assault-Another weapon used by the military is that of the assault rifle, for this reason it is considered to be an offensive weapon. Assault rifles have a capacity to produce over 30 rounds of fire, and it has a firing range of 600 meters. This type of rifle can be outfitted with a bayonet, night vision scope and a grenade launcher for even more firing power when one is in war. Even though these rifles can be equipped with modern attachments today to benefit the 21st century warfare, this gun was actually developed in 1910. So it has gone through some major changes. Several countries added their improvement to the design of the first assault rifle, creating such rifles as the AK47 and the Steyr AUG. The countries who made a contribution to this new world of assault weapons were Germany, Russia, the USSR and the United States, who came up with the development of the Armalite AR 15/Colt M16.

Anti-tank- When you think of military and war, one of the weapons on the field used by the infantry is that of anti-tanks. During World War 2, all major arm forces used two wheeled anti tank guns. The Bazooka is an anti-tank weapon and it was developed by the United States Army. It has a firing range of 400 yards.

Battle- One of the first battle rifles is actually an assault rifle developed by the Germans. This battle rifle is known as the STG44. There are quite a few assault rifles that are referred to as battle rifles. Some of them are the AR-832, The Armalite AR-16, the MI Grand and the M14. With the battle rifle, soldiers can aim at targets at a long distant range. Because of the style of this weapon, its weight and how long it was made it difficult to maneuver, control and carry.

Carbine- The military had at its disposal many types of weapons for warfare. One of these weapons that went on the battle field with the War Between the States is that of the Carbine. This is a weapon that resembles a rifle, but it is short and not as heavy. This made it easier to handle when riding a horse into battle or combat. One of the most chosen carbines used in the United States Army is the M4 that soldiers have used since the mid 1900’s. Today, the Marines favorite carbine to use is the Commando, or the M16A2.

Types of Machine Guns

Another warfare weapon that is on the battlefield during unresolved conflicts is the submachine gun. It is an automatic weapon that fires pistol caliber bullets. This gun was also designed with a purpose; it could be taken into the trenches for short range attacks. The first submachine weapon used in warfare was the Italian Villar-Perosa that fired 9 mm Glisenti Pistol ammunition. This too was a short range weapon. It seems that each war had their own particular style of machine guns; for instance, in the Great War, soldiers used the Bergman/Schmeisser Mp 18. In War World 2, Russia used the Mp-38 while the American soldiers had at their disposal the Thompson M1921 or the “Tommy Gun”.

Sub-Machine Guns

When it comes to weapons of war, the submachine gun is at the top of the list. However, unlike the modern submachine weapons used today, these weapons back in 1914, were rather primitive looking. 

They were heavy, which made them cumbersome to carry around. They weighed between 30 to 40kgs. It took up to 6 soldiers to operate this monster machine while it sprayed out 400 to 600 small caliber rounds of bullets in one minute.


The difference between a submachine gun and the auto cannon is the fact that the cannon is a war device that fires shells as opposed to bullets. They are constructed to hold different types of ammunition such as high explosives, armor piercings, while the machine gun handles only one type of ammunition. Today, the modern cannon has a firing range of 90 rounds per minute and some come with multiple barrels for even more firing range and power. The Mauser Bk-27 can do 1,800 rounds per minute as oppose to the British Rarden cannon that fire only 90 rounds.

Which of the following is NOT one of the "Three Ws" that should be included in every hunting plan?

What firearm you are hunting with.
Who you are with.
When you are returning.
Where you are going.


What technique can be described as "slow, patient movement of the hunter into shooting position after game has been located"?

Stand Hunting
Still Hunting


Which species is there federal hunting laws for?

Wood Duck
Ring-knecked pheasant
Snowshoe hare
White-tailed Deer


Which field carry provides the most firearm control?



Which choice is NOT recommended when approaching downed wildlife?

Approach quietly from behind.
Poke animal gently with a stick.
Touch the eye gently, if there's no reaction, animal is usually dead.
Shoot it again before approaching to make sure it is dead.


What is the technique known as "driving"?

One hunter sitting in a blind waiting for game to come along.
One hunter moving slowly and patiently into shooting position after game has been located.
One or more pushers walk through an area trying to move game ahead of them into areas wehre blockers are waiting.
One hunter driving a vehicle and a second hunter in the back set shooting through the open window.


Scouting an area you want to hunt should include:

Walk around the area on opening day with your firearm or bow.
Walk around the area looking for animal movements and signs.
Look at maps and aerial photos of the area.
Answers B and C.


Which of the following is NOT a reason why you should develop a hunting plan for every hunt?

So friends and family know how to contact you in case of emergency.
So you can use your hunting plan to start a fire if you get lost.
So fellow hunters know where you are located.
So friends and family know where you can be found in case of a hunting accident.


Which of these items should be on every checklist included in your hunting plan?

Hunting license


Which of these does NOT violate a hunting safety rule?

Carrying a loaded firearm in a vehicle.
Keeping your finger on the trigger while stalking game.
Two hunters shooting at the same game.
Identifying what lies beyond an identified target.